Objects and Classes

An object is a mixture of code and data that you control as a unit. An object can be a piece of a program, for example, a control or a window.

When you make a program in ViviFire, you constantly use objects. You can use objects supplied by ViviFire, for example, controls and data access objects. You can use objects supplied by other programmers. Also, you can make objects for your program only.

You can think of objects as building blocks for programs. They let you write a piece of code one time and use it again and again.

Objects and classes

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To make an object from a class

SomeClass my_object
or
New SomeClass my_object

Multiple instances

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Object members

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Member access

To get access to a member of a class, you write, (1) the name of the object variable, (2) a period (.), and (3) the name of the member. The example that follows sets the property Text of an object of type StatusBar.

my_status.Text = "Ready"

Properties

You use property procedures when:

See Property Procedures for more information.

Methods

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See Procedures for more information.

Events

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See Events for more information.

Instance members and shared members

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Access to a nonshared member of an object

Make sure that you made the object from its class and assigned it to an object variable.

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In the statement that gets access to the member, write the object variable name, then a period (.), and then the member name.

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Access to a shared member of a class

You write the class name, then a period (.), and then the member name. You cannot get access to a shared member through a variable.

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Differences between classes and library modules

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Use classes again and again

Objects let you declare variables and procedures one time and then use them again and again. For example, if a control to select dates is necessary, you could make one for your program only. But you can be sure that this function will be necessary for other programs. If you make your control as a class, then you can easily use it with other programs. But a class made by a different person could be much easier.

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How objects are related

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Parent–child relations

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Container relations

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Collections

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See also